Ειδικό Τεύχος 8 (2) 2016 “Η Ρυθμική Dalcroze στη μουσικοθεραπεία και την ειδική μουσική παιδαγωγική” – Article (published on 11 December 2016)
An exploratory study of flow and enjoyment in a Dalcroze Eurhythmics-based intervention for seniors in Mexico
Elda Nelly Treviño & Javier Álvarez Bermúdez
In the past decade there has been an increasing demand for Dalcroze Eurhythmics sessions for seniors in Europe and the United States. However, in Latin America there is currently no established programme for this population. The effect of six sessions of a Dalcroze Eurhythmics-based intervention during three weeks was evaluated with a group of nine people (six women and three men), with a mean age of 69.8, using representative exercises of Dalcroze Eurhythmics to assess the ‘state of flow’, as described by Csikszentmihalyi using a Spanish version of the SFSS scale, and the level of enjoyment of the physical activity according to the PACES scale by Kendzierski and DeCarlo (abbreviated version). A single-group design assessed all variables following the first session and after the intervention. The results obtained from all the indicators of the PACES were identical after session 1 and at the end of the intervention. In contrast, the results of the measurement of three of the nine components of the SFSS vary slightly after session 1 compared to those post-intervention. The results of the remaining six components do not vary. Overall, the results suggest there is a need to review the effectiveness of the administration procedure of the scales.
flow, Dalcroze Eurhythmics, enjoyment, seniors, optimal experience, music, movement
Elda Nelly Treviño (MM) is the general coordinator of the Dalcroze Certification Programme in Mexico at the Conservatorio de las Rosas in Morelia, Michoacán, and lecturer at the Facultad de Música, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León. She is developing a thriving career as a consultant, guest faculty and lecturer throughout Mexico and abroad, besides being an active cultural promoter and collaborative pianist. Elda Nelly holds a BM and MM in Piano Literature and Pedagogy from the University of Texas at Austin and the Dalcroze Licence from Carnegie Mellon University. She is currently pursuing a PhD in Psychology at the Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León.
Javier Álvarez Bermúdez (PhD) is Associate Professor of the Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León and a member of the National System of Researchers in Mexico. He is author of more than ten books and numerous research articles in international journals, adjudicator of several research committees and guest faculty of universities and research centres throughout Mexico and abroad. Javier’s areas of interest are family violence, social issues of vulnerable groups and Health Psychology. He holds a PhD in Social Psychology from the Basque Country in Spain, a Master´s degree in Higher Education and a Bachelor in Psychology at the Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Mexico.