Utilising musical microanalysis and phenomenology to enhance understanding of the impact of improvisational music psychotherapy on self-efficacy for a client with depression and anxiety — Laura Teutsch, Sara Petrie & Heidi Ahonen

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Utilising musical microanalysis and phenomenology to enhance understanding of the impact of improvisational music psychotherapy on self-efficacy for a client with depression and anxiety

Laura Teutsch, Sara Petrie & Heidi Ahonen

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this mixed methods study was to understand how a client’s self- efficacy, defined as their perception of their own capability to achieve goals, is impacted by improvisational music psychotherapy conducted using MIDI instruments. Data was collected from session transcripts, several interviews with the client (Sara), and musical data. The musical microanalysis used the Music Therapy, MIDI, and MIR toolboxes within MATLAB. The collaborative data analysis incorporated the client’s perspective. Results showed that the client’s self-efficacy was influenced through multiple experiences within music psychotherapy including experiences of self-awareness and self-care; being confident and ready for change; growth and expansion outside of therapy; development and use of coping skills; and mastery and joy. By using musical microanalysis, results also indicated that certain musical features were linked to the client’s imagery, mood states, and experiences of self-efficacy. The research gives an example of how to utilise musical microanalysis to enhance the understanding of therapeutic change and processes.

KEYWORDS

depression, anxiety, mental health, self-efficacy, music psychotherapy

AUTHOR BIOGRAPHIES

Laura Teutsch, MMT, RP(Qualifying), MTA, earned her Master of Music Therapy at Wilfrid Laurier University. [laura@spreadyourwingsmt.ca]

Sara Petrie benefited significantly from music therapy and wanted to share her experience for the sake of the profession and future music
therapy clients. [sarapetrie26@gmail.com]

Heidi Ahonen, Ph.D, RP, MTA, FAMI. Professor of Music Therapy. Director of Manfred and Penny
Conrad Institute for Music Therapy Research. [hahonen@wlu.ca]